Import or export tariffs and equivalent effect taxes were abolished completely between the Community and Turkey on 31 December 1995 – As of 31 December 1995, Turkey was moving towards the common tariff vis-à-vis non-Community countries. With regard to trade in processed agricultural products, the determination of industry and agriculture in the products in Schedule 1 of the decision removed tariffs on the industrial part of the overall protection. Within five years of the decision coming into force, Turkey enshrines in its internal legal order the Community instruments aimed at removing technical barriers to trade. Quantitative import and export restrictions and any measures of equivalent effect are prohibited between the contracting parties. Negotiations for a free trade agreement began in March 2020. Looking for tariffs, customs procedures and formalities, product requirements or statistics for a particular product? Under The Association Council`s Decision 1/95, the customs union not only includes the abolition of customs duties and all other measures of equivalent effect and the adoption of the Community`s common tariff, but also provides for the abolition of all competition distortion mechanisms which result in an unfair advantage over the other party. In line with this approach, Turkey is obliged to align its legislation with the EU`s achievements in the areas of competition, intellectual property and the common trade policy, as well as the free movement of goods. The joint committee may adopt decisions and recommendations to strengthen cooperation or to resolve problems in the supplement of customs legislation. However, there are also some problems arising from the implementation of the customs union. The main difficulties can be summed up as follows: the risks of trade diversion and unfair competition resulting from the reluctance of some countries to partner in the EU Free Trade Agreement (FTA) to conclude similar agreements with Turkey, giving the EU the advantage of joining the Turkish market, the lack of adequate participation in EU decision-making mechanisms in the relevant areas of the customs union, as well as technical obstacles related to road quotas imposed by some EU Member States and taking into account visas for Turkish businessmen and truck drivers. However, regardless of the outcome of the negotiations on free trade agreements, customs formalities should be followed at a later date which, until now, do not apply to trade with the UK as an EU member state.
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