The development of firearms has led to an increase in the ravages of war. [Citation required] The brutality of the wars of that time led to efforts to formalize the rules of war, with humane treatment of prisoners of war or the wounded, as well as rules to protect non-combatants and loot their property. However, in the period up to the beginning of the 19th century, few formal arms control agreements were registered, with the exception of the theoretical proposals and agreements that succumbed to the defeated armies. Strategic Arms Limitation Conferences (SADs) between the United States and the Soviet Union in the late 1960s/early 1970s led to new arms control agreements. The SALT-I talks culminated in the 1972 Ballistic Missile Treaty and an interim agreement on the limitation of strategic armaments (see SALT I). SALT II talks began in 1972 and resulted in an agreement in 1979. Because of the Soviet Union`s invasion of Afghanistan, the United States never ratified the treaty, but the agreement was respected by both sides. Arms control contracts and agreements are often seen as a means of avoiding costly arms races that could prove counterproductive to national objectives and future peace.  Some are used as means of stopping the proliferation of certain military technologies (such as nuclear weapons or missile technology), in exchange for assurances to potential developers that they will not fall victim to these technologies.
In addition, some arms control agreements are concluded to limit the damage caused by diarrhoea, especially to civilians and the environment, which is considered bad for all participants, regardless of who wins a war. After The Second World War, the United Nations was established as a body for promoting and maintaining international peace and security.  In 1946, the United States proposed the Baruch Plan to impose strict international control over the nuclear fuel cycle and thus avoid a global nuclear arms race, but the Soviet Union rejected the proposal and the negotiations failed. Following President Eisenhower`s 1953 address to the United Nations General Assembly, the International Atomic Energy Agency was established to promote the peaceful use of nuclear technology and to apply protection measures against the diversion of nuclear materials for peaceful purposes to nuclear weapons. The 1968 Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty was signed to prevent the proliferation of nuclear technology in countries outside the five countries that already had nuclear weapons: the United States, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, France and China. In 1998, the United Nations established the United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs (UNODA). Its objective is to promote nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation as well as the strengthening of disarmament regimes with regard to other weapons of mass destruction, chemical and biological weapons. It also encourages disarmament efforts in the field of conventional weapons, particularly small-scale and small-scale weapons, which are often the weapons of choice in modern conflicts. [Citation required] There have been few recorded attempts to control weapons in time between it and the rise of the Roman Catholic Church.
In the 8th and 9th centuries AD swords and collared tanks made in the Franconian Empire were highly sought after for their quality, and Charlemagne (r. 768-814) made it illegal to sell or export them to foreigners, punishable by the forfeiture of property or even death. It was an attempt to limit the possession and use of this equipment by the enemies of the Franks, including the Moors, Vikings and Slavs.