Who Benefited From The Sykes Picot Agreement

And when the Ottoman Empire atrophyed, its army was still able to defend itself. Earlier this year, Britain and its allies withdrew from a disastrous attempt to strike the Ottoman capital via Gallipoli. In Mesopotamia, future Iraqi, British and Indian troops had just surrendered to the Turks in the besieged city of Kut. The agreement was drawn up and negotiated by the country`s diplomats over the next few months and signed by the Allies between 18 August and 26 September 1917. [38] Russia was not represented in this agreement because the Tsarist regime was in the midst of a revolution. The lack of Russian approval of the Saint-Jean-de-Maurienne agreement was then used by the British at the 1919 Paris Peace Conference to invalidate it, a position that greatly outraged the Italian government. [41] The memorandum was forwarded to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and circulated for notice. On 16 January, Sykes informed the Ministry of Foreign Affairs that he had spoken to Picot and that he thought Paris could agree. On 21 January, Nicolson convened an inter-departmental conference.

At the end of the meeting, a final draft agreement was circulated to cabinet on 2 February and the war commission was referred to the court on 3 February. Finally, at a meeting held on the 4th, between Bonar Law, Chamberlain, Lord Kitchener and others, it was decided that the region was now looking nervously at the region beyond the political chaos and challenge posed by Daesh. There is a well-founded fear that both Iraq and Syria – a region stretching from the Mediterranean to the Gulf – have become so fragile that they are not sustainable, whether Daesh is defeated or not. This is the theme of political debates, media commentary, theatre chatter and academic lectures. Prior to the centenary of Sykes-Picot in 2016, the media[109] and scientists[110] generated strong interest in the long-term effects of the agreement. The agreement is often cited as “artificial” borders in the Middle East, “without regard to ethnic or sectarian characteristics, which has led to endless conflicts.” [111] The question of the extent to which Sykes-Picot has really marked the borders of the modern Middle East is controversial. [112] [113] Numerous sources claim that Sykes-Picot came into conflict with the Hussein-McMahon correspondence of 1915-1916 and that the publication of the agreement in November 1917 led to the resignation of Sir Henry McMahon. [107] There were several differences, iraq being the most obvious in the British red territory, and less obvious, the idea that British and French advisers would have control of the area designated as an Arab state. Finally, while the correspondence did not mention Palestine, Haifa and Acre should be British and the brown territory (a reduced Palestine) should become internationalized. [108] On Tuesday, December 28, Mark Sykes informed Gilbert Clayton that he had “received the Picot negotiations.”

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